Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev is the President of Azerbaijan, having been elected in 2003. He also functions as the Chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party and the head of the National Olympic Committee. Apart from his native Azerbaijani, he speaks English and Russian. Ilham Aliyev is the son of Heydar Aliyev, who was Azerbaijan's president from 1993-2003.


It was reported that three Aliyev children own real estate in Dubai worth about $75 million. In just two weeks of early 2009, an 11-year-old son of Aliyev became the owner of nine waterfront mansions in Dubai. The total price is estimated about $44 million, which is equal to roughly 10,000 years' worth of salary for the average Azerbaijani citizen.

Azerfon, a Baku-based telecom company, founded in March 2007 has nearly 1.7 million subscribers and covers 80 percent of the country's territory and is country's only provider of 3G services. Aliyev's two daughters, Leyla and Arzu Aliyevas, are believed to control this company. It has also been reported that they control the Azerbaijani bank sphere.

On December 31, 2012, the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project named Ilham Aliyev won the Organized Crime and Corruption Person of the Year. The statement of OCCRP website said "The award is given for the person who figured prominently in 2012 on stories on crime and corruption in its coverage area. Aliyev was chosen because of new revelations this year about how his family had taken large shares in lucrative industries including the telecom, minerals and construction industries often through government related deals."