Nelson Mandela is a South African politician who became President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was born on July 18, 1918. Mandela was the son of a tribal elder and lived during the apartheid laws, a time when black and white people were forbidden to mix or have the same rights. He was determined to put an end to it and spent many years fighting for what he believed was right. Unfortunately, he was arrested for treason and sentenced to life imprisonment. Mandela spent twenty-seven years in prison until he was finally released in 1990. In 1994, he was elected the first black president of South Africa and even received a Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.